About UPSC Exact IAS

About UPSC

The UPSC IAS exam, officially known as the Civil Services Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) annually. In spite of being regarded as one of the toughest exams in the country, it is the most sought after exam among today’s youth. Right approach & correct planning can make an aspirant get through the IAS exam with flying colours in the very first attempt.

To prepare for the examination aspirant need to have a clear and focus knowledge and understanding of the syllabus and patterns of the examination.

The IAS examination comprises of two successive stages. Those who make it through all the stages of the UPSC exam enter into the most coveted services of the Country like IAS, IPS, IFS, IFoS, IRS and others.

Name of the Paper No. of Questions Marks Allotted Time Alloted Nature of Exam
Paper I: General Studies (Objective type) 100 200 2 Hours The score will be considered for Cut-off
Paper II: General Studies-II(CSAT) (Objective type) 80 200 2 Hours Qualifying Nature-Candidates will have to score 33% to quality CSAT.

The two stages of the Civil Services Exam (IAS Exam) are:

About UPSC Exact IAS

1. Stage I – Civil Services Preliminary Examination

2. Stage II – Civil Services Main Examination

Civil Services Preliminary Examination

Civil Services Preliminary Examination is conducted to select candidates for the Main Examination. It is objective type in nature and consists of two papers carrying 200 marks each. The marks of the candidates who qualify the Preliminary Exam are not taken into account for determining the Final Merit.

Paper Name Time Duration No. of Questions Total Marks Nature of Paper
GS Paper I 2 Hours 100 200 Marks considered for Preliminary Exam Merit
GS Paper II (CSAT) 2 Hours 80 200 Qualifying in nature
  • While CSAT is qualifying in nature, the marks obtained in the General Studies paper determine your selection for UPSC Mains. It means your score in the General Studies Paper will be considered for the Prelims cutoff.
  • Additionally, there is negative marking for the wrong answers. 1/3rd of the marks allotted for the question would be deducted as a penalty for marking the wrong answer. However, if you do not attempt the question, there will be no deductions. Hence, you should take only calculated risks when it comes to marking doubtful questions

UPSC Age Limit, Eligibility Criteria, Educational Qualifications

Civil Services Main Examination

Civil Services Main Examination consists of written examination and interview test.

The written examination consists of 9 papers out of which 2 papers are only qualifying in nature. The marks obtained in the remaining 7 papers and the interview test together are considered for making the final merit.

Paper Subject Duration Total Marks Time Alloted Nature of Paper Type of Paper
Paper A Compuls0ry Indian Language 3 Hours 300 3 Hours Qualifying Descriptive
Paper B English 3 Hours 300 3 Hours Qualifying Descriptive
Paper I Essay 3 Hours 250 3 Hours Merit Descriptive
Paper II General Studies I 3 Hours 250 3 Hours Merit Descriptive
Paper III General Studies II 3 Hours 250 3 Hours Merit Descriptive
Paper IV General Studies III 3 Hours 250 3 Hours Merit Descriptive
Paper V General Studies IV 3 Hours 250 3 Hours Merit Descriptive
Paper VI Optional I 3 Hours 250 3 Hours Merit Descriptive
Paper VII Optional II 3 Hours 250 3 Hours Merit Descriptive

General Studies Paper

The subjects which are covered in different General Studies Paper in the Mains Exam are mentioned as under:

General Studies I Indian Heritage and Culture, History n Geography, Society
General Studies II Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social justice, International Relations
General Studies III Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
General Studies IV Ethics, Aptitude Integrity
Check out the Subject-wise strategy for UPSC Mains in the linked article

Get Free Syllabus PDF

List of Optional Subjects for UPSC Mains

Here’s the list of optional subject that can be opted for UPSC Mains:

Agriculture Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Anthropology Botany Chemistry
Civil Engineering Commerce and Accountancy Economics Electrical Engineering Geography
Geology History Law Management Mathematics
Mechanical Engineering Medical Science Philosophy Physics Political Science and International Relations
Psychology Public Administration Sociology Statistics Zoology

The options for literature subjects are:

Assamese Bengali Bodo Dogri Gujarati
Hindi Kannada Kashmiri Konkani Maithili
Malayalam Manipuri Marathi Nepali Odia
Punjabi Sanskrit Santhali Sindhi Tamil
Telugu Urdu English

Important Points:

  • The papers on Indian languages and English (Paper A and paper B) will be of qualifying nature and the marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
  • The papers on Indian languages and English (Paper A and paper B) will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard.
  • The papers on Essay, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance who attain 25% marks in ‘Indian Language’ and 25% in ‘English’ as minimum qualifying standards in these qualifying papers.
  • Marks obtained by the candidates for the Paper I-VII only will be counted for merit ranking.
  • The question papers for the main examination will be of conventional (essay) type and each paper will be of 3 hour duration.
  • Candidates will have the option to answer all the question papers, except the Qualifying Language Papers, Paper-A and Paper-B, in any one of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India or in English.
  • The question papers (other than the literature of language papers) will be set in Hindi and English only.
  • Compensatory time of twenty minutes per hour shall be permitted for the Blind candidates and the candidates with locomotor disability and cerebral palsy where dominant (writing) extremity is affected to the extent of slowing the performance of function (minimum of 40% impairment) in both the Civil Services (Preliminary) as well as in the Civil Services (Main) Examination.

Interview Process

The interview process is the last and final stage of the selection process of the UPSC Exam Pattern. The interview consists of 275 marks which makes the grand total of maximum marks 2025. Some of the qualities that the board assess in a candidate are:

  • Mental acuity
  • Critical thinking
  • Analytical thinking
  • Risk assessment skills
  • Crisis management skills
  • Ability to become a leader
  • Intellectual and moral integrity
Preliminary Examination Syllabus

Get Examination Syllabus

error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
Any Time Doubt
Exact IAS
Any Time Doubt